Public Survey

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The Impacts of Movement Control Order (MCO) towards Waste Generation in Penang


Ever since the Movement Control Order (MCO) has been implemented in Malaysia from 18th March 2020 until 9th June 2020, a considerable amount of personal protective equipment (e.g. masks, gloves, hand sanitizer bottles) and plastic packagings such as disposable food packaging and plastic wraps littered the streets, drains, and waterways. This indicates that amidst the Covid-19 outbreak, single-use plastic items are making a comeback.

During MCO, many restaurants and food outlets only offer food delivery or tapau/ takeaway options, which caused the number of disposable food packaging to increase. Apparently, these businesses do not accept reusable cups nor allow their customers to bring their own containers.

In line with the implementation of No Single-use Plastic Campaign that started in April 2019, and to tackle the current waste issue arising from the Covid-19 pandemic, this public survey is conducted to understand current public purchasing behaviour and the practice of no single-use plastic items before and during the MCO in Penang. The survey also aims to determine the amount of waste generated and the effectiveness of its management. At the same time, data would be collected to assist policymakers, communities, and businesses to better deal with similar crises in the future.




To provide data and insights in order to assist policymakers and other related agencies to better deal with similar crises in the future

To observe how the MCO has influenced a waste generation in Penang

To understand consumer purchasing behaviour before and during the movement control order (MCO) in Penang


For further details, please contact us at 04-250 3322 or email to