Penang State Government has always strived to realize the vision of making Penang a “Cleaner, Greener, Safer, Healthier, and Happier” state. In response to the global climate change issues and evolving paradigm of sustainable development, Penang State Economic Planning Unit, Penang Green Council, and Penang Institute mooted Penang Green Agenda.

Penang Green Agenda will take on technical experts and scientists to look into sustainability aspects of the Penang State, including developing sustainability indicators. We will conduct a scenario analysis to assess the impacts of environmental issues on Penang State’s sustainability. The agenda will also engage all stakeholders and people of Penang to identify and combat the current and future environmental challenges of the state, proposing feasible solutions.


By 2030, Penang aspires to be the greenest state in Malaysia driven by a green economy, innovative governance with 4P partnerships (Public, private, people, professional) and sustainability-led development agenda. By 2050, Penang will be a high income, caring, inclusive, low carbon and resilient state that emphasises the integrity of its people and environment, including enriching and restoring the health of its rich cultural and natural ecosystems.


To formulate strategies which helps to meet future environmental challenges in Penang while incorporating United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UNSDGs).

To adapt and build resilient community in Penang by 2030.



Penang state government is preparing for economic recovery after the havoc wrought by Covid-19. The immediate concerns of the government are to provide social safeguards to citizens, secure jobs, and to ensure stable supplies of food and other essential goods.

For the medium and long term, the Government needs to introduce new growth strategies to deal with the immense economic disruption caused by the coronavirus pandemic, the retreat of globalization as well as the polarisation of the global economy between the US and China.



This goal ensures that Penangites have access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round. Penang has rice yield of 5.7 tonnes/ha, to increase rice production and for self-sufficiency in the midst of climate change, sustainable food production systems and resilient agricultural practices must be adopted.

List of Indicators

  1. Agriculture lands for crops (Hectares), Penang 2010 – 2015
  2. Number of farmers, Penang 2011-2014
  3. Agriculture Production (‘000 metric tonnes), Penang 2010 – 2015
  4. Total number of livestock population by type, Penang 2010 – 2014
  5. Agriculture GDP by type of economic activity at constant price 2010 (RM million), Penang 2010 – 2015
  6. Gross Domestic Product By Type of Economic Activity, Penang 2010-2015



It is forecasted that at least one in four people will be troubled by water shortages in 2050. Mitigating water shortages becomes increasingly important especially in Penang where water resource mostly depends on Sungai Muda. Mitigation also means protecting water source ecosystem such as forests and rivers as well as investing on water efficiency and treatment technologies.

List of Indicators

  1. Water Consumption & Production Rate (cubic meters, ‘000 cu.m), Penang 2010 – 2016
  2. Average Daily Water Consumption & Production Rate (cubic meters, cu.m), Penang 2010 – 2016
  3. Total Registered Consumers, Penang 2010-2016
  4. Number of treatment plants, Penang 2010-2016
  5. Average water quality (river), Penang 2010-2016
  6. Proportion of water samples treated for good water quality, Penang 2010 – 2016
  7. Number of dams in Penang
  8. Total raw water storage capacity (million litre)
  9. Water treatment plants design capacity, Penang 2010 – 2017
  10. Supply of raw water from storage dams in Penang, 2010 – 2017 in million litres per day (MLD)
  11. Water Quality Status of Clean River (Last updated – 09/9/2016)
  12. Dam capacity


Greenhouse gas emissions from the burning of fossil fuel have dire impacts on our climate and environment. Energy generation in Penang still depends on fossil fuels. Clean energy sources need to be expanded and upgraded to ensure Penangites have access to affordable clean energy.

List of Indicators

  1. Power Demand, Supply and Excess rate, Penang 2010 – 2014
  2. Number of individual with solar PV access, Penang 2012 – 2016
  3. Individual Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Usage (MW), Penang 2012 – 2016
  4. Household energy consumption pattern, Penang 2009
  5. Energy consumption by household electrical appliances
  6. Electricity usage and rate per hour of household electrical


Population in Penang is projected to reach 1.98 million people in 2030. To accommodate the rising population on a limited land, we need to transform the way we manage our urban spaces. This means that Penangites need to have access to safe and affordable housing, better public transport system, more public spaces, and improved urban planning, to name a few.

List of Indicators

  1. Land area distribution (km2), Penang 2010 – 2015
  2. Estimated population number (‘000), Penang 2010 – 2014
  3. Crude Birth and Death Rate, Penang 2010 – 2015
  4. Waste Disposed at Landfill and Recycling at Pulau Burung, Penang 2010 – 2016
  5. Total waste generation and recycling rate, Penang 2010-2016
  6. Managed scheduled waste, Penang
  7. Incidence Rate of water, food and vector borne diseases, Penang 2010-2014
  8. Number of motor vehicle by type, Penang 2010-2016
  9. Number of passenger-load handled at Penang International Airport, Penang 2010-2015
  10. Number of Green Building Index (GBI) certified projects, Penang 2013-2017
  11. Total land use, Penang
  12. Number of participating schools in Penang Green School programme
  13. Number of Newly Certified Offices under Penang Green Office certification programme
  14. Average Daily Tariff (ADT), Penang 2010-2016
  15. Total Death Caused By Road Accidents, Penang 2010-2016


Manufacturing industry contributes 50% towards Penang’s GDP. In line with Penang’s aspiration of becoming a green state, we need to change the way we produce and consume goods and services to minimize our ecological footprint. We need to efficiently manage our natural resources, waste and pollutants as well as moving towards more sustainable patterns of consumption.

List of Indicators

  1. Total land use (ha), Penang
  2. Gross Domestic Product, Penang 2010 – 2015
  3. Gross Domestic Product By Type of Economic Activity, Penang 2010-2015 At Constant Price 2010-RM Million
  4. Agriculture Production (‘000 metric tonnes), Penang 2010 – 2015
  5. Power Demand, Supply and Excess rate, Penang 2010 – 2014
  6. Water Consumption & Production Rate (cubic meters, ‘000 cu.m), Penang 2010 – 2016


Drastic effects of climate change are affecting every country in the world. The worst flood in Penang on November 2017 was a wake-up call to Penang in order to take action to mitigate climate-related disasters and address disaster risk management. Urgent action is needed to combat climate change and to reduce its impact before the effects aggravate.

List of Indicators

  1. Average water quality (river), Penang 2010-2016
  2. Rainfall pattern in Penang Island, in mm
    Rainfall pattern in Seberang Perai, in mm
  3. Types of pollution reported
    • Air pollution
  4. Monthly average concentration of Particulate Matter (PM10) in the air, Penang
  5. Monthly minimum and maximum Air Pollutant Index (API), Penang (January – June)
    Monthly minimum and maximum Air Pollutant Index (API), Penang (July – December)
  6. Air quality status, Penang 2010-2014
  7. Types of pollution reported (total number), Penang 2010 – 2014
  8. Occurrence of flood (number of occurrence), Penang 2014-2017


Surrounded by water all around, either on island or on mainland Penang, we are blessed with great diversity of marine life, including fishes and seafood for consumption. Protecting our marine and coastal ecosystem will also protect our food. Pollution from land into the sea, fish stock overexploitation, and ecosystem degradation are few bits of the big picture we need to focus on.

List of Indicators

  1. Fish Landing, Penang 2010-2016
  2. Number of licensed fishing vessels, Penang 2010 – 2016
  3. Number of fishermen working on licensed fishing vessels, Penang 2010 – 2016


In the small size and urbanisation of Penang Island, a new species of scorpion was recently discovered in 2017 at the iconic Penang Hill. Forests are vital habitats for a huge range of wildlife and are also crucial for clean, fresh air as well as water. Preserving and restoring terrestrial ecosystems, halting deforestation and land degradation are important to reduce the loss of our precious natural heritage. Thus, it is all in our hand to protect it for us to live or to destroy it for us to die.

List of indicators

  1. Forested and Non-Forested Area, Penang 2010-2016
  2. Permanent Reserved Forest (HSK), State land and Wildlife reserve, Penang 2010 – 2016
  3. Area of Permanent Reserved Forest by Forest Types, Penang 2010-2016
  4. Total of tourist arrival at Penang National Park as an ecotourism site, Penang 2010-2015

For further details, please contact us at 04-250 3322 or email to